Effect of leaders’ work-family conflict on followers’ depression: An examination of crossover processes

Haar, Jarrod and Greenhaus, Jeffrey and Roche, Maree and Ziegert, Jonathon (2012) Effect of leaders’ work-family conflict on followers’ depression: An examination of crossover processes. In: Work and Family Researchers Network Inaugural Conference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Work and Family, 14-16 June, 2012, New York, New York.

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Abstract or Summary

This paper examines whether the detrimental effects of leaders’ work-family conflict extend beyond themselves and have a contagion effect on the wellbeing of followers. We test a model where leaders’ conflict influences their own depression and then extends to their followers depression, mediated by their leadership effectiveness. Using a sample of 179 leader and 411 followers, we found leaders’ conflict from work and home positively influenced their depression and were moderated with each other, leading to higher levels of depression when both conflicts were high. Leaders’ depression was negatively related to follower ratings of the leader’s effectiveness, and positively related to follower depression, while leader’s effectiveness was negatively related to follower depression. Furthermore, conflict originating in the home was negatively related to leader effectiveness and positively related to follower depression. Finally, leaders’ depression and effectiveness moderated towards follower depression, with the lowest follower depression levels found when leaders’ had low depression but high effectiveness. Monte Carlo analysis also confirmed the mediation effects at every stage of the model. The present study supports our assertion that leaders’ work-family conflict can have detrimental effects beyond themselves influencing not only their own depression, but their performance effectiveness and their followers’ depression illustrating contagion effects.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords that describe the item:work-family conflict, depression, leader-follower, contagion, effectiveness
Subjects:H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
Divisions:Schools > Centre for Business, Information Technology and Enterprise > School of Business and Adminstration
ID Code:2166
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Deposited On:22 Nov 2012 04:40
Last Modified:22 Nov 2012 04:40

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