An anisotropic discrete fiber model with dissipation for soft biological tissues

Flynn, Cormac and Rubin, M. B. (2014) An anisotropic discrete fiber model with dissipation for soft biological tissues. Mechanics of Materials, 68 . pp. 217-227. ISSN 0167-6636

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mechmat.2013.07.009

Abstract or Summary

Nonlinear three-dimensional constitutive equations are developed for analyzing inelastic effects that cause dissipation in biological tissues. The model combines a structural icosahedral model of six discrete fiber bundles with a phenomenological model of the inelastic distortional deformations of the matrix containing the fibers. The inelastic response of the matrix is characterized by only three material parameters, which can be used to model both rate-independent and rate-dependent response with a smooth elastic-inelastic transition. Also, a robust, strongly objective scheme is discussed, which allows the model to be easily implemented into finite element computer codes. Examples show that the model predictions compare well with experimental data for the nonlinear, anisotropic, inelastic response of a number of tissues. Specifically, the model simulated the biaxial stretching of rabbit skin with an error of 15.7%, stress relaxation of rabbit skin with an error of 17.2%, simple shear of rat septal myocardium with an error of 21.6%, and uniaxial stress in compression of monkey liver with an error of 8.3%.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords that describe the item:anisotropy, discrete fiber model, dissipation, soft tissue mechanics
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions:Schools > Centre for Science and Primary Industries
ID Code:2936
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Deposited On:11 Feb 2014 20:32
Last Modified:19 Feb 2014 01:54

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