Sport withdrawal in New Zealand

France, Adrian and Harnett, Denise (2014) Sport withdrawal in New Zealand. Sport Management Association of Australia and New Zealand, Melbourne, Australia, 26-28 November, 2014. (Unpublished)

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Abstract or Summary

The general perception and anecdotal evidence suggests that upon leaving secondary school, people participate less in sports. The decline in physical activity and participation in sport among young people has been discussed in the media during recent decades. This result of decreased physical activity with an increase in age indicates that life stages or demands influence sport participants. Factors of economics and education have previously been investigated in the literature, though the impact time has on sport participation is lacking. Time is limited and as such theory indicates that time is shared between activities so that some activities are substituted for other activities. The evidence of decreased sport participation after leaving secondary school is also scarce. This study attempts to address the gap in the literature of the transition from secondary school to post-secondary school and the associated factors that contribute to sport participation withdrawal. This research addresses the question what are the patterns of participation in the transition from secondary school to post-secondary school. A survey was undertaken and results presented. The results indicate that employment and study were considered by respondents as the most relevant for withdrawing from sport. The 17-20 ages were most likely to state they decreased participation. Results of decreased participation may be as a result of exaggerating by respondents. The substitution effect is reinforced with the older age groups tending to miss sport less and finding something else just as enjoyable compared with the younger age groups. Participation in sport decreases with age, however participation rates differ among sport codes. Individual sports increase participation with age, while team sports decrease participation with age. Employment was found to have little impact on sport participation per week, other than the extremes of no participation and high participation. A de-motivational or income effect is found with no sport participation (low participation, low employment), and a substitution effect is found for five or more days per week participating in sport (high participation, low employment). A small minority of the school leaver age group appears to intensify sport participation after leaving school. Further investigation could identify the characteristics of this minority group. The more dependents, the fewer hours spent participating in sport due to commitments dependents require. There appears to be no impact of study time on sport participation. Single respondents spend proportionately more time participating in sport than most other marital groups, supporting the life stage model. The research does not find a mass exodus of youth, from sport, when leaving secondary school as anecdotal evidence suggests.

Item Type:Paper presented at a conference, workshop or other event, and published in the proceedings
Keywords that describe the item:Sport, physical activity, participation, withdrawal, attrition
Subjects:H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
Divisions:Schools > Centre for Business, Information Technology and Enterprise > School of Business and Adminstration
ID Code:3463
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Deposited On:15 Dec 2014 21:53
Last Modified:16 Apr 2018 21:31

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