Investigating the Significance of Bellwether Effect to Improve Software Effort Estimation

Mensah, Solomon and Keung, Jacky and MacDonell, Stephen G. and Bosu, Michael Franklin and Bennin, Kwabena Ebo (2017) Investigating the Significance of Bellwether Effect to Improve Software Effort Estimation. The 2017 IEEE International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability and Security (QRS), Prague, Czech Republic, 25-29 July, 2017.


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Abstract or Summary

Bellwether effect refers to the existence of exemplary projects (called the Bellwether) within a historical dataset to be used for improved prediction performance. Recent studies have shown an implicit assumption of using recently completed projects (referred to as moving window) for improved prediction accuracy. In this paper, we investigate the Bellwether effect on software effort estimation accuracy using moving windows. The existence of the Bellwether was empirically proven based on six postulations. We apply statistical stratification and Markov chain methodology to select the Bellwether moving window. The resulting Bellwether moving window is used to predict the software effort of a new project. Empirical results show that Bellwether effect exist in chronological datasets with a set of exemplary and recently completed projects representing the Bellwether moving window. Result from this study has shown that the use of Bellwether moving window with the Gaussian weighting function significantly improve the prediction accuracy.

Item Type:Paper presented at a conference, workshop or other event, and published in the proceedings
Keywords that describe the item:Bellwether Effect, Bellwether moving window, Markov chains, Chronological dataset
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions:Schools > Centre for Business, Information Technology and Enterprise > School of Information Technology
ID Code:5439
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Deposited On:30 Aug 2017 02:34
Last Modified:30 Aug 2017 02:50

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