Aerodynamic effect of Polo Helmet — A CFD study

AL-Rawi, Mohammad and Zheng, Li and Ewart, Paul and Best, Russell (2019) Aerodynamic effect of Polo Helmet — A CFD study. Polotec2019, Hamilton, New Zealand , 22 November, 2019. (Unpublished)

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Abstract or Summary

Polo is a long-established sport that was originally a training program for cavalry. This sport is now popular all over the world, and there are more than 80 members state in the Federation of International Polo. Polo is also a fierce outdoor sport. It is characterized by the combination of human and animal abilities to form a unique team-to-team confrontational sport. Horses weighing up to 500 kilograms run at speeds of 55 kilometers per hour (Neumayr & Schmitt, 2019, p. 40), and riders transfer this energy to the ball through their sticks. Because of the inherent characteristics of this sport, athletes are often injured in competitions and training. The injuries related to the head often causes serious consequences. Therefore, sports helmets are essential equipment for polo athletes. Although there are already many helmet products for polo on the market, they do not fully meet people's requirements. The project aims to design a new sports helmet to protect polo players, as well as fulfill other various needs.

Item Type:Item presented at a conference, workshop or other event which was not published in the proceedings
Additional Information:It is widely believed that polo is a high-risk sport. Although the injury rate of polo players is not high compared to football and rugby, these injuries are often very serious (Inness & Morgan, 2015, p. 2). In polo matches and exercises, it is difficult to avoid falling from the horse due to intense confrontation. So falling is an important cause of head injury (see Figure 1), and high-speed sports balls and clubs hitting the head can also cause head injuries. As a result, in clause 1.3b of the International Rules for Polo, it is clearly specified that “polo players must wear protective headgear with a chinstrap properly fixed” (Federation of International Polo, 2018, p. 5). Mandatory standards for polo helmets have been developed in several countries, and a red tag is required to mark on the polo helmets according to these standards (see Figure 2). According to clause 2.3a of Hurlingham Polo Association (HPA) Rules & Regulations for polo 2018, polo helmets must be certified by standard PAS015:2011 or PAS015:1998 with CE mark (see Figure 3). Tests and specs for polo helmet have been defined in these national standards, including the material, structure and other properties.
Keywords that describe the item:Polo, sports, engineering
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TQ Biomedical technology
Divisions:Schools > Centre for Engineering and Industrial Design
ID Code:7022
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Deposited On:18 Dec 2019 20:42
Last Modified:18 Dec 2019 20:42

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