The spatiotemporal characteristics of 0–24-Goal Polo

Best, Russell and Standing, Regan J (2019) The spatiotemporal characteristics of 0–24-Goal Polo. Animals, 9 (7). pp. 446-455.

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Abstract or Summary

Global positioning systems (GPS) have recently been shown to reliably quantify the spatiotemporal characteristics of Polo, with the physiological demands of Polo play at low- and high-goal levels also investigated. This study aims to describe the spatiotemporal demands of Polo across 0–24 goal levels. A player-worn GPS unit was used to quantify distance, speed and high-intensity activities performed. Data were divided into chukkas and five equine-based speed zones, grouped per cumulative player handicap and assessed using standardized mean differences. Average distance and speed per chukka increased in accordance with cumulative player handicap, with the magnitude of differences being trivial–large and trivial–very large, respectively. Differences between time spent in high-intensity speed zones (zones 4 and 5) show a linear increase in magnitude, when comparing 0 goal Polo to all other levels of play (Small–Very Large; 6–24 goals, respectively). High-intensity activities predominantly shared this trend, displaying trivial–large differences between levels. These findings highlight increased cardiovascular, anaerobic and speed based physiological demands on Polo ponies as playing level increases. Strategies such as high-intensity interval training, maximal speed work and aerobic conditioning may be warranted to facilitate this development and improve pony welfare and performance.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords that describe the item:Polo, GPS, Pony welfare, Horse, Training, Equine, Equestrian
Subjects:Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions:Schools > Centre for Sport Science and Human Performance
ID Code:7160
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Deposited On:04 Feb 2020 01:50
Last Modified:04 Feb 2020 01:50

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