Deletion mapping of genetic regions associated with apomixes in Hieracium

Catanach, Andrew and Erasmuson, Sylvia and Podivinsky, E. and Jordan, Brian and Bicknell, Ross (2006) Deletion mapping of genetic regions associated with apomixes in Hieracium. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103 (49). pp. 18650-18655. ISSN 1091-6490

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Abstract or Summary

Although apomixis has been quoted as a technology with the potential to deliver benefits similar in scale to those achieved with the Green Revolution, very little is currently known of the genetic mechanisms that control this trait in plants. To address this issue, we developed Hieracium, a genus of daisies native to Eurasia and North America, as a genetic model to study apomixis. In a molecular mapping study, we defined the number of genetic loci involved in apomixis, and we explored dominance and linkage relationships between these loci. To avoid difficulties often encountered with inheritance studies of apomicts, we based our mapping effort on the use of deletion mutagenesis, coupled with amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) as a genomic fingerprinting tool. The results indicate that apomixis in Hieracium caespitosum is controlled at two principal loci, one of which regulates events associated with the avoidance of meiosis (apomeiosis) and the other, an unlinked locus that controls events associated with the avoidance of fertilization (parthenogenesis). AFLP bands identified as central to both loci were isolated, sequenced, and used to develop sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR) markers. The validity of the AFLP markers was verified by using a segregating population generated by hybridization. The validity of the SCAR markers was verified by their pattern of presence/absence in specific mutants. The mutants, markers, and genetic data derived from this work are now being used to isolate genes controlling apomixis in this system.

Item Type:Journal article
Keywords that describe the item:amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), meiosis, parthenogenesis, apomixis, Hieracium caespitosum, mutagenesis, amplified fragment length polymorphism
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Divisions:Schools > Centre for Science and Primary Industries
ID Code:804
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Deposited On:12 Oct 2010 02:30
Last Modified:20 Apr 2016 23:45

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