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The face is probably the part of the body, which most distinguishes us as individuals. It plays a very important role in many functions, such as speech, mastication, and expression of emotion. In the face, there is a tight coupling between different complex structures, such as skin, fat, muscle, and bone. Biomechanically driven models of the face provide an opportunity to gain insight into how these different facial components interact. The benefits of this insight are manifold, including improved maxillofacial surgical planning, better understanding of speech mechanics, and more realistic facial animations. This chapter provides an overview of facial anatomy followed by a review of previous computational models of the face. These models include facial tissue constitutive relationships, facial muscle models, and finite element models. We also detail our efforts to develop novel general and subject-specific models. We present key results from simulations that highlight the realism of the face models.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Uncontrolled Keywords: Face, finite element models, constitutive relationships, skin, muscles, expressions, lips
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Schools > Centre for Engineering and Industrial Design
Depositing User: Cormac Flynn
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2017 20:56
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2023 04:33

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