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Does maturation influence functional performance in youth males?


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Understanding the role biological maturity has on athletic motor skills may have implications for age based sporting selection. During adolescence, peak height velocity provides an indication of biological maturity and the physiological adaptations that occur during this period, which can have varying implications on motor skill acquisition and functional performance. With rapid physical changes and a loss of neuromuscular control during stages of biological maturation, the risk of muscular and/or structural injury is increased. The purpose of this study was to identify the influence maturation has on functional performance in youth males. A cross sectional sample of 97 youth males were allocated into maturation groups which were assessed using non-invasive predictive methods. Participants performed three maximal 20m sprints, unilateral horizontal jumps and a 10s bilateral tuck jump (TJ) assessment. A one way ANOVA was utilized to assess between and within group differences. Pearson’s correlations between maturity offset and performance variables were also calculated. Anthropometric data revealed significant differences (p<0.05) in all measured variables between maturation groups. Significant group differences (p<0.01) revealed increased maturation status positively influenced speed performances (ES = 0.64 to 1.03) but not jump performances. TJ scores identified no significant differences between group means. Data suggests physiological improvements in strength and power post PHV will likely have positive implications on force application and technical efficiency within sprint events. Investigations into the relationships between step length, step frequency and contact time between maturation groups are recommended for future studies, with emphasis on utilising neuromuscular training to decrease the risk of injury throughout the PHV period.

Item Type: Poster presented at a conference, workshop or other event, and published in the proceedings
Uncontrolled Keywords: Maturation, Youth, Kinematics, Sprint, Motor skills
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Schools > Centre for Sport Science and Human Performance
Depositing User: Regan Standing
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2018 20:25
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2023 06:38

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