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The Effect of Isolated and Combined Application of Menthol and Carbohydrate Mouth Rinses on 40 km Time Trial Performance, Physiological and Perceptual Measures in the Heat


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The current study compared mouth swills containing carbohydrate (CHO), menthol (MEN)
or a combination (BOTH) on 40 km cycling time trial (TT) performance in the heat (32 ◦C, 40%
humidity, 1000 W radiant load) and investigates associated physiological (rectal temperature (Trec),
heart rate (HR)) and subjective measures (thermal comfort (TC), thermal sensation (TS), thirst, oral
cooling (OC) and RPE (legs and lungs)). Eight recreationally trained male cyclists (32 ± 9 y; height:
180.9 ± 7.0 cm; weight: 76.3 ± 10.4 kg) completed familiarisation and three experimental trials,
swilling either MEN, CHO or BOTH at 10 km intervals (5, 15, 25, 35 km). The 40 km TT performance
did not differ significantly between conditions (F = 0.343; p = 0.715; η2 = 0.047), yet post-hoc testing 2,14
indicated small differences between MEN and CHO (d = 0.225) and MEN and BOTH (d = 0.275). Subjective measures (TC, TS, RPE) were significantly affected by distance but showed no significant differences between solutions. Within-subject analysis found significant interactions between solution and location upon OC intensity (F28,196 = 2.577; p < 0.001; η2 = 0.269). While solutions containing MEN resulted in a greater sensation of OC, solutions containing CHO experienced small improvements in TT performance. Stimulation of central CHO pathways during self-paced cycling TT in the heat may be of more importance to performance than perceptual cooling interventions. However, no detrimental effects are seen when interventions are combined.

Item Type: Journal article
Uncontrolled Keywords: menthol, carbohydrate, cycling, time trial, endurance, heat
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Divisions: Schools > Centre for Sport Science and Human Performance
Depositing User: Russell Best
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2021 19:50
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2023 09:26

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